Dental Pain: What Are the Causes and Remedies?

Tooth pain is an unpleasant feeling in or around a tooth. It’s often a sign of a problem with your tooth or gums. However, referred pain can sometimes cause toothaches. This signifies that the source of your pain lies somewhere else in your body, so it must never be ignored.

If dental caries is not addressed, they can spread and cause further pain in the tooth. Although most cases of toothache are not life-threatening, there are cases in which a dental professional must be visited immediately. In this article, learn more about the common causes of toothache and home remedies for reducing tooth pain.

Causes of Dental Ache

Tooth pain can be triggered by numerous issues, varying from minor to serious. Among the most common causes of dental pain are the following:

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, also called dental cavities, is a common dental illness caused by the breakdown of tooth enamel due to acid produced by bacteria in the mouth. When the enamel on a tooth is damaged, it can trigger discomfort and sensitivity. A toothache accompanied by swelling or fever may signify an infection needing immediate treatment.

Regularly practicing excellent oral hygiene is important to prevent dental cavities. However, if you are experiencing this dental emergency, seek urgent care appointments and services from a dentist or emergency dental clinic right away.

Gum Disease

Also known as periodontal illness, it is a usual condition that affects the gums and the bone that sustains the teeth. It is triggered by bacteria that grow on the teeth and gums, forming plaque. Gingivitis can progress to periodontitis if left untreated, a more serious type of gum illness that can harm the bone and tissues that support the teeth, potentially causing tooth loss.


Bruxism is a problem that causes a person to grind, clench, or gnash their teeth. It can occur during the day but is more typically associated with night-time sleep habits. Different factors, including stress, anxiety, sleep problems, and oral issues, can cause it.

TMJ Disorders

This problem affects the temporomandibular joint, which connects the jawbone to the skull. The condition can cause discomfort, tightness, and popping or clicking sounds in the jaw joint when opening and closing the mouth. If you’re experiencing TMJ disorder symptoms like jaw pain, headaches and ringing in the ears, consulting a dentist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan is essential.

Tooth Pain Treatments

You can try many dental pain treatments in your home to eliminate discomfort until you can visit a dentist. Below are some examples:

  • Pain relief medication: Over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can ease oral pain.
  • Cold compress: A cold compress can eliminate dental pain, especially if the pain is because of inflammation or swelling. A cold compress relieves pain by helping to numb the area and reduce swelling.
  • Clove oil: Clove oil contains a natural anesthetic to help eliminate dental aches. You should carefully apply clove oil on a cotton ball before being placed on the affected tooth.
  • Dental treatment: Depending on the cause of the dental pain, treatment may be necessary. This could include a filling, root canal, or extraction of the affected tooth. You have to visit a dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment of dental pain.

Tooth pain can be a sign of a major problem, and early diagnosis can help prevent more major issues from developing. You can avoid this problem by practicing good oral hygiene, which includes frequent brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash. If you are having severe tooth pain, consult your dentist as soon as possible.


Experiencing a toothache can be extremely uncomfortable. Though many home remedies can help a person feel better and get some rest, they are not long-term remedies. Seeing your family dentist is the best way to identify the cause of your dental pain. X-rays and a complete examination will help her choose the suitable treatment to eliminate discomfort.

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